A Health System is like a car…

How is health care organized in Indonesia? To find out, we will have to dive into the health system of Indonesia. Again, let’s get that context more in sight! This blog wil give you more information on the definition of a Health system. You can scroll down for the other blogs that are specific on the Health System in Indonesia.

Do you know what a health system is and what it encompass?

A health system includes all the people, institutions and resources that are, in one way or the other, needed to improve the health of people.

Do you want a more precise definition?

Ok, the WHO describes a health system as the following: “All the activities whose primary purpose is to promote, restore, improve or maintain health, protect people against the impoverishing effects of illness, and ensure that those who need care are treated with dignity and respect

Or a more descriptive definition?

Roemer: “A combination of resources, organization, financing and management that culminate in the delivery of health services to the population” The last definition is quite comparable with a car. A car with all its different components! Yet, if the motor isn’t working, or the driver is missing, or there isn’t a steer or some wheels. Than how are you going to drive that care? We need them all right? Moreover, the car will drive at its best if all of these components work together in harmony! The same counts for a health system.

So we know some important components of a car, but what are the important components of a heath system?
Well, this is what a health system definitely needs in order to meet the health needs of people:journal-pmed-1000397-g001

  1. Finance
  2. Stewardship, which is leadership and governance (it’s the boy in the picture, responsible for the car to work. If not, than he will try to fix it).
  3. Health workforce
  4. Medical products, vaccines & technologies
  5. Service delivery (i.e. Clinics and hospitals)
  6. Information and research


So who would be the boy in the picture that is fixing the car in Indonesia?  That wil be the ministry of Health! Wondering who’s in charge there? It’s Prof. Dr. dr. Nila Farid Moeloek.

Prof. Dr. dr. Nila Farid Moeloek

Written by: Jessica


Murray, C.J.L. Frenk, J. A WHO Framework for Health System Performance Assessment. Evidence and Information for Policy World Health Organization. World Health Organization. Retrieved 01 December. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/healthinfo/paper06.pdf

Wpro.who.int [internet]. Health Services Development. The WHO Health Systems Framework. Retrieved 19 November. Retrieved from: http://www.wpro.who.int/health_services/health_systems_framework/en/


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