Fast Facts of Malnutrition in Indonesia

Here are some fast statistical facts about the malnutrition situation in Indonesia, just to wrap your brain around the degree of the issue the country is faced with.

 

  1. 87 million Indonesians are faced with and are vulnerable to food insecurity.
  2. Many people are faced with stunting as a result of malnutrition, and there has been no significant progress in reducing stunting (at 37%).
  3. Indonesia has the 5th highest number of stunted children in the world. 1 of every 3 children in Indonesia are stunted and 9.5 million children under five years old are malnourished.
  4. 12% of children under five years old suffer from wasting (low weight for age) in Indonesia.
  5. 57%, or 2 out of 3 children under two years old, living in rural areas of Indonesia are anemic.
  6. Only 42% of children less than 6 months old are breastfed and only 36% of all children are getting the appropriate complementary food.
  7. 10% of adolescent girls from 15-19 years old are already mothers or pregnant with their first child. Pregnancy during this age creates a greater risk to their nutritional status and their children.
  8. It costs Indonesia more than US$5 billion every year due to malnutrition. This is due to the lost productivity because of poor education standards and decreasing physical capability.
  9. Diarrhea accelerates undernutrition and children suffer from this very frequently. Around 14% of all children in Indonesia suffer from diarrhea.
  10. Overweight and obesity in adults has doubled in the last decade, which increases the risk of non-communicable diseases, otherwise known as the double burden of malnutrition.

(Facts from the World Food Programme, 2014)

 

Written by Hannah Jin

Winata, J. (2014, December 22). 10 Facts About Malnutrition in Indonesia. Retrieved November 12, 2016, from https://www.wfp.org/stories/10-facts-about-malnutrition-indonesia

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2 thoughts on “Fast Facts of Malnutrition in Indonesia

  1. You state that malnutrition has a high burden which causes high costs for example. There has not been a significant progress in reducing stunting, why? And what do you think the government should do to reducing this problem?

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    1. That’s an interesting observation. The prevalence of stunting has decreased, however, it hasn’t decreased significantly enough or fast enough. Many times, stunting starts in the womb and it is irreversible, therefore, it is up to the mother to nourish her own body for the baby. Because it is irreversible, it is more difficult to try and “fix” it, and it is a matter of prevention. There have been intervention strategies put in place to reduce the problem including programs that improve nutrition for women and children in the first 1,000 days.

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